Make adverbial clauses of purpose

Shut the window lest he she should lose it
Tell him (her) to put the money into his (her) purse should catch cold
Say it again you should get wet through
Repeat the rules should make mistakes in your test
Take your umbrella with you should forget it
Tell them to make haste they should forget about the meeting
Ring them up should be late

Write to him at once so that you may (might) understand his intention
I’ll give you this book they may (might) know about his intention
Send them a telegram he might take precautions
He has told you all this he might correct them
The doctor told him all about the state of his health you may (might) write down the rules
The students gave their tests to the teacher he may (might) know our plans

9. Translate into English using the conjunction lest followed by should for all the persons + infinitive or the conjunction that (so that) followed by can(could)/may (might)+infinitive.

1. Запиши мой номер телефона, чтобы не забыть его.

2. Посоветуй ей одеться потеплее, чтобы она не простудилась.

3. Позвоните ей, пожалуйста, по телефону, чтобы она не забыла взять с собой мою книгу.

4. Объясните ему, как пройти к нашей даче, чтобы он мог когда-нибудь нас навестить.

5. Примите таблетку, чтобы у вас не болела голова.

6. Попросите ее говорить тише, чтобы она не разбудила ребенка.

7. Здесь нужно идти осторожно, чтобы не упасть.

8. Вы должны завтра утром встать пораньше, чтобы не опоздать на поезд.

9. Он положил свой багаж под скамейку, чтобы пассажиры могли пройти на свои места.

10. Express the same idea using the modal verbs “can(could)/may (might)” + Infinitive:

1. He got up early lest he should be late for his classes.

2. Study the examples lest you should make mistakes in the construction.

3. Repeat your address lest I should forget it.

4. I took her for a walk lest she should stay at home alone.

5. He walked slowly lest he should fall.

6. He turned his head away lest she should see his smile.

7. Let him do it his own way lest he should make a mess of it.

8. He read and re-read every sentence lest he should miss a single mistake.

9. They spoke in a whisper lest they should wake the children.

10. How is the picture to be packed lest it should be spoiled on the way?

11. Give answers to the following questions:

1. Why did you take a taxi?

2. Why did you mark this place in the book?

3. Why do you want to leave a message for her?

4. Why do you want to ring her up?

5. Why is he running?

6. Why did he wind up the alarm – click?

7. Why aren’t you looking at her?

8. Why are you turning away?

9. Why did he hide the letter?

10. Why did she put on a warm coat?

12. Complete the following sentences:

1. The wrote her a letter … .

2. The father gave his son some money … .

3. Spell your name … .

4. Stand between her and the window … .

5. She pretended to be looking for something … .

6. He told me the whole story … .

7. She lowered her voice … .

8. I gave him a Grammar text – book … .

9. Put the watch in the drawer of the table … .

10. Let’s ring him up … .

11. The secretary put the mail on the table … .

12. He gave us this magazine … .

13. I’ll do as he asks me … .

14. I advise you to give up this idea … .

15. She did not raise her eyes … .

16. I brought coffee … .

13. Translate into English:

1) Если вы все же опоздаете на поезд, вы можете доехать туда на автобусе. 2) Если окажется, что адреса он не знает, спросите у секретаря. 3) Если вам слу-чится встретить его, передайте ему, что мы его не забыли. 4) Если oкажется, что туфли ей малы, их будет носить ее младшая сестра. 5)Если вы случайно увидите этот словарь, купите и мне экземпляр. 6) Если вам все же станет нехорошо в са-молете, примите одну или две таблетки. 7) Если вода окажется холодной, не по-зволяйте детям купаться. 8) Если он все же забудет свое обещание, я ему напомню. 9) Если вы случайно вернетесь рано, позвоните мне. 10) Если вы все же сможете (be able) приехать, мы будем очень рады.

14. Make the condition problematic, unlikely to be fulfilled.

Model:1) If he is out, don’t wait.

Should he be out, don’t wait (If he should be out …).

2) If it is difficult, I’ll help you.

If it should be difficult, I’ll help you. (Should it be difficult…)

1) If it rains, we’ll stay the night. 2) If he comes late, he’ll find no one in. 3) If the door is locked, try this key. 4) If nobody answers the bell, try the door to see if it’s locked. 5) If the line’s busy, try phoning her a little later. 6) It she is out, phone again, don’t leave a message. 7) If she doesn’t answer my letter, I’ll write again. 8) Even if they learn about it, they won’t mind.


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